Lesser chameleon (Furcifer minor) MALE. This species inhabits open areas, which even include crop fields. However its distribution is restricted to the southern highlands, Ambohijanahary Special Reserve in the west and in the central highlands from north of Ambositra to south of Fianarantsoa. MADAGASCAR.
A medium sized chameleon of the Furcifer bifidus group that may reach a length of 20cm. They have a flat helmet and large but not parallel nasal appendages. Males are brownish grey with darker vertical bands. Two bright spots are always present on the anterior part of flanks. Females are green with two light spots more or less distinct.
There are more than 150 species world wide and over half of those are only found in Madagascar. All species on the island are Native.
Chameleons are well-known for their special adaptions: The ability to change color rapidly to either match their surroundings or to reflect their mood. They have the capacity to move their turreted eyes independently of each other which allows them to look in different directions simultaneously. They have independent 360 degree vision except when hunting they use binocular vison to estimate the distance of the prey. They capture their prey with the rapid firing of their tongue which can extend to approximately half of their body length and is ended with a kind of gluing hammer. All species found in Madagascar lay eggs (Oviparous) and do not give parental care. The calumma and furcifer group are known as true chameleons as they have a prehensile tails. They tend to be solitary except during the breeding season.
Calumma minor is CITES 11 classification and needs an export permit to be exported from Madagascar
ENDEMIC TO MADAGASCAR