Tiger (Panthera tigris) 3 1/2 year old male. Ranthambhore National Park. Rajasthan. INDIA
HABITAT & RANGE: Forests and grasslands up to 3,000 meters elevation and mangrove swamps of India, Nepal, Bhutan, and Bangladesh.
Tigers are mainly nocturnal but do move around at dawn and dusk. They tend to be shy and retiring and are usually solitary but during breeding times are found in pairs. Cubs stay with their mother for up to 3 years. Tigers are territorial and communicate through scent marking and vocalisation. They may roar, growl, moan or resonate 'aonnh'. They feed on deer, wild boar, monkeys, peafowl and livestock. They can take animals as large as adult Gaur, water buffalo and calves of Indian Rhinoceros. However they do also take smaller mammals, reptiles and amphibians. They hunt by stalking and ambushing but when deer, monkeys or peafowl see or smell them they give loud alarm calls which alerts which all other animals.
ENDANGERED SPECIES. They are hunted for the illegal export of their skin and bones to the Far East for medicinal purposes.
Ranthambore National Park is known for its good tiger sightings as it appears to have tigers that are more diurnal than other areas