Land Iguana (Conolophus subcristatus)
ECUADOR. South America
One of two endemic species of these large, yellow lizards found in the islands.
Conolophus subcristatus lives on six of the islands. (Fernandina, Isabela, Santa Cruz, South Plaza, Baltra and Seymour) They are vegetarian and eat mostly Opuntia cactus. However it has been reported that they will eat carrion if available.
The Land iguanas from Baltra were introduced onto North Seymour Island in the 1930's and then subsequently became extinct on Baltra during the time the island was being used by the USA as a military base. They have been captive bred in the Charlse Darwin Station and re-introduced to Baltra. The reintroduction in 2008 was the last one as they have now sucessfully established themselves on the island.