Galapagos Penguin (Spheniscus mendiculus)
Bartolome Island, GALAPAGOS ISLANDS
ECUADOR. South America
This is the only penguin to nest entirely within the tropics and in the case of those living on the northern tip of Isabela Island, the only penguins found in the northern hemisphere. They are the third smallest penguin in the world. They live in lava tubes and natural caves and crevices. The females lay one or two eggs and can breed more than once a year if conditions are optimal.
ENDEMIC TO GALAPAGOS ISLANDS