Hani child and domesticated water buffalo used for ploughing the rice paddies. Hani Ethnic minority people. Yuanyang, Honghe Prefecture, Yunnan Province. CHINA
Hani are found in the following Prefectures: Simao, Lincang, Xishuangbanna, Yuxi, Honghe, Baoshan, Dehong, Chuxiong and Lijiang.
This is the dominant ethnic group in the highlands of Ailaoshan and the people who built most of the terraces. They belong to the Tibeto-Burman language group. Their two-story houses are built with mud brick and an added thatched shed onto the flat roof forms a distinct shape - called Mushroom houses. Their villages are built above the terraces. Each village selects a man to be the Guardian of Channels, who is in charge of checking the flow of the main irrigation channel, cleaning it of debris and overseeing the post-harvest repairs. He also determines the amount of water to be allocated for other areas and for all members of the community. To guarantee that every family in the village receives a fair share of available water thus demands a high degree of cooperation among its residents. This outlook has instilled a stong sense of solidarity among the Hani and sharing has influenced their notion of hospitality. Their ethnic pride is visible in the preference the women have for donning their traditional costume. The woman wear indigo and black trousers and jackets with silver coin buttons. They wear head bands decorated with coins and yarn hanging down the back. The children up until the age of 6 years wear very decorated outfits and their hats are strewn with coins and chains.